By J. Inczédy and I. Buzás (Auth.)
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Additional info for Analytical Applications of Ion Exchangers
It is usual to distinguish specificity from general selectivity. While the absorption of most ions by a common ion-exchange resin can be due on the whole to identical factors and there are no sudden changes in the order of absorption strengths of simple ions, one can speak of specificity when an ion or ionic group is absorbed more strongly by an ion-exchange resin. The specific absorption may arise by formation of ion pairs or complexes, by a chelate effect, etc. Resin products specific for certain ions or ionic groups and their operation are treated separately (see Chapter 10).
3) can be used. As a result of the high ionic concentration existing in the resin phase a considerable swelhng pressure (100 to 120 atm) occurs, which strives to increase the volume of the internal solution v^Q at the expense of the volume of the external solution, v^. The force holding together the elastic matrix of the resin is in equi librium with the swelHng pressure. The springs shown in Fig. 3 symbolise the forces holding together the elastic resin matrix; these are increasingly strained with increasing swelling pressure.
Operation rate of ion EXCHANGERS exchangers If an ion-exchange resin is immersed in an electrolyte solution, ionexchange takes place on the whole cross-section of the resin grains and equilibrium between the solution and the resin is reached within a measurable time. The natural zeolite exchangers have been found to operate slower and an ion exchanger of larger pores quicker than a common ionexchange resin. For cation exchan gers the setting up of equiUbrium is generally more rapid than for an ion exchangers.
Analytical Applications of Ion Exchangers by J. Inczédy and I. Buzás (Auth.)