A syntax of substance - download pdf or read online

By David Adger

ISBN-10: 0262018616

ISBN-13: 9780262018616

ISBN-10: 0262312239

ISBN-13: 9780262312233

ISBN-10: 0262518309

ISBN-13: 9780262518307

In A Syntax of Substance, David Adger proposes a brand new method of word constitution that eschews sensible heads and labels buildings exocentrically. His suggestion at the same time simplifies the syntactic method and restricts the variety of attainable buildings, ruling out the ever present (remnant) roll-up derivations and forcing a separation of arguments from their obvious heads. This new approach has a few empirical results, which Adger explores within the area of relational nominals throughout diverse language households, together with Germanic, Romance, Celtic, Polynesian, and Semitic. He exhibits that the relationality of such nouns as hand, edge, or mother -- which appear to have as a part of their that means a relation among components -- is admittedly a part of the syntactic illustration within which they're used instead of an inherent a part of their that means. This empirical end result follows at once from the hot syntactic procedure, as does a singular research of PP enhances to nouns and possessors. Given this, he argues that nouns can, as a rule, be regarded as easily requisites of substance, differentiating them from precise predicates.

A Syntax of Substance deals an leading edge contribution to debates in theoretical syntax in regards to the nature of syntactic representations and the way they hook up with semantic interpretation and linear order.

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Extra resources for A syntax of substance

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In chapter 3, we will see how REPs are used to define syntactic relations and how a general condition on syntactic relations effectively forces every structure in a language to contain at least one REP. This constraint restricts the LTFs in Λ to be just those that track UEPs plus a set of LTFs that license specifiers. Architecturally, then, we have UEPs given by UG, Λ, a result of the acquisition process allowing only certain transitions between labels, and a condition on the interpretability of structures that forces the existence of an extended projection relation in every structure.

We can schematize the three ensuing possibilities as: (28) a. Merge(X, Y), X distinct from Y, → {X, Y} (External Merge). b. Merge(X, Y), X part of Y, → {X, Y/X} (where Y/X signifies X is contained in Y) (Internal Merge). c. Merge(X, Y), X = Y, → {X, X} = {X} (Self Merge). 7 Schematically, one kind of derivation, utilizing only Self Merge, will look as follows: (29) a. b. c. d. Merge x with x = {x, x} = {x}. Merge {x} with {x} = {{x}, {x}} = {{x}}. Merge {{x}} with {{x}} = {{{x}}, {{x}}} = {{{x}}}.

We jettison heads and adopt LTFs in their place. These map from one category to another. The higher label is dependent on the lower, but it is not identical to it. There is a single general algorithm for the use of these functions in labeling that applies uniformly to unary and binary structures, providing a positive answer and concrete proposal for the Labeling Problem. Importantly, any system will need to have some statement of the ordering of the various functional categories. The standard system has heads, and the ordering of functional heads is either given axiomatically (as in Starke 2001; Adger 2003) or by selection.

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A syntax of substance by David Adger


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