By Amrit Rai
This linguistic research investigates the starting place of the language Hindi/Hindavi and the advanced motives which ended in its department into separate tongues - smooth Hindi and glossy Urdu.
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Extra info for A house divided : the origin and development of Hindi/Hindavi
We stayed there past noon but could not even get a bowl of water from them. So we took the children to other villages and got something. Strangers treated us better than our own relatives. After the famine year there was a good summer harvest but then we had no land. Ch'ung-lai went to work as a hired laborer, and I cooked out for others as before. We had to leave the children at home alone. Every few days I returned home and gave them a little millet or corn. They themselves went out to beg. At the end of the year I saw that every family had prepared noodles and other good things to eat.
He finally promised to pay me $10 a year instead of $8. I said I wouldn't ask for more money and he said he wouldn't jump the interest on the debt. But even so, it was no use. Whenever I broke anything he made me pay a high price for it. Once there was a long drought. The soil was very hard. He pushed us to finish the hoeing quickly. In my hurry I cracked the handle of the hoe. When he saw it, he was very angry. He knocked several dollars off my year's wages—enough to buy two new handles—even though that one could still be used.
His sons could be passed over as conscripts and left to help with the field work at home or recommended for good positions at the county seat. He could be assured of a sympathetic hearing in case he had a dispute with anyone else. But even such a system of favors and penalties did not guarantee permanent control of village life. There was always the danger that the patient tortoise might upset the obelisk altogether. Physical force, naked and unadorned, was therefore the third important pedestal on which the power of the gentry in Long Bow rested.
A house divided : the origin and development of Hindi/Hindavi by Amrit Rai